¿Como o porque?

ELE Gramática Sugerencias para estudiantes

¿Como o porque? ¿Qué diferencia hay? Seguro que has oído las dos palabras, y, de hecho, significan lo mismo. La diferencia está en el lugar en el que aparecen. ¡Echa un vistazo a la explicación para saber más!

como vs porque

¿Todo claro? Ya no hay excusa para usarlos. ¡Y recuerda! Este “como” siempre va sin acento, para que no se confunda con “cómo” en las preguntas.

El andaluz

Cultura y civilización ELE Entresijos de la lengua Recomendaciones Sugerencias para estudiantes

Para los estudiantes de nivel avanzado (y los nativos también), recomiendo este breve pero ilustrativo documental sobre el habla andaluza.

Seguro que todos sabéis que en el sur “se habla diferente” y muchos están de acuerdo en que en Andalucía “es más difícil entender” a la gente… Pero quizá no esa manera particular de hablar puede estar mal vista, o que puede estar asociada a prejuicios y estereotipos o que incluso puede dar lugar a complejos de inferioridad respecto a los hablantes de otras partes de España.

Echa un vistazo a este documental para saber en qué consisten esas diferencias, cuáles son esos rasgos diferenciadores del andaluz y, lo más importante, cómo afectan a la identidad de los andaluces.

Una mano con el español, updated!

Time flies, and that is why we need to get updated on so many things… Here you will find a new list of tips and resources to practice Spanish, completelly updated. I removed some things and I added new fresh contents, but keeping the important stuff too.

If you are looking for new podcasts, blogs, websites and apps, this is your list. You can download it here!

El nuevo examen SIELE

Agenda Sugerencias para estudiantes

Supongo que muchos de vosotros ya conocéis el examen DELE, y quizá incluso alguno lo ha hecho ya. Pero recientemente se habla de un nuevo examen de español: el examen SIELE.

Pues bien, ¿qué es SIELE y qué novedades presenta?

Las siglas SIELE significan Servicio Internacional de Evaluación de la Lengua Española. En esencia, el examen ofrece las mismas posibilidades que el DELE; es una manera de evaluar nuestro competencia en el manejo del español y consta de varias pruebas de destrezas, a saber, comprensión oral, comprensión escrita, expresión e interacción escritas y expresión e interacción orales.

Ahora bien, presenta algunas diferencias respecto al DELE:

  • Hay un único examen para todos los niveles de A1 a C2. Según la puntuación obtenida (de 0 a  1000 puntos), se encaja en un nivel o en otro, a la manera del examen TOEFL. Hasta ahora, el DELE seguía un esquema más similar al de los exámenes de Cambridge, en el Reino Unido, o el DELF/DALF en Francia: seis exámenes según los seis niveles del Marco Común Europeo de Referencia.
  • En él se tendrán más en cuenta las variantes americanas (lo que me parece una excelente idea). En el DELE apenas sí se tienen en cuenta variantes de Latinoamérica y solo en niveles C1 y C2.
  • Puede realizarse a través de Internet y no necesariamente de manera presencial, lo que simplifica el procedimiento de matrícula y no obliga a realizar ningún tipo de desplazamiento al centro de examen.
  • ¡Tiene fecha de caducidad! Mientras que el DELE nunca expira, el certificado ASIELE tiene una vigencia de dos años, como otros exámenes de idiomas (Cambridge, por ejemplo).

¿Y qué pasa si ya me he preparado para el DELE o ya tengo un diploma DELE?

¡Ningún problema! El nuevo ASIELE empezará a funcionar a partir de 2016, pero va a convivir con el DELE, al menos durante unos años. Cada estudiante podrá elegir qué examen es más conveniente, según sus características. Eso sí, si tenéis el DELE o si vais a hacer el DELE próximamente, tenéis la ventaja de que NUNCA CADUCARÁ.

En fin, parece un examen con muchas ventajas, pero creo que también implica grandes gastos edición (nuevos libros que hay que comprar y que pueden dejar obsoletos los que ya tengo en casa), gastos de gestión y administración, y, por supuesto, gastos en cursos de acreditación para profesores examinadores. En fin, la enseñanza del español es un gran motor económico que nunca para de crecer en todo el mundo. Veremos a ver cómo resulta todo ello…

En cualquier caso, si alguien está pensando en hacer el DELE próximamente, las próximas fechas son:

  • 16 de octubre de 2015 (para A1, A2, B1 y B2).
  • 21 y 22 de noviembre (para todos los niveles).

Para saber más sobre fechas de matrícula, precios y centros de examen, no dudéis en consultar el sitio oficial del Instituto Cervantes aquí.

Wether you are a native Spanish speaker or not, here’s some resources that you might find useful if you are have to face up to a Spanish writing or if you are willing to improve your writing skills. This is a list of common connectors in Spanish and, what is best, they are perfectly organized by meaning or function and translated into English, so it can be used both for Spanish and for English.  Actually, I got this list from an American student who also taught English in Spain, and, since the list was not in a good condition, I had it typed and here it is.

Click here to watch and download the PDF.… And enjoy!

Aquí tenéis una pequeña actividad de español oral para practicar las diferentes maneras de negar en español, en un contexto coloquial e informal.

Las instrucciones de la actividad son muy sencillas. Solo tienes que reaccionar a las frases utilizando las diferentes maneras de negar en español. Puedes hacer clic en la imagen para ampliar. ¡Y ojo! Recuerda que en el español de España, es normal es un poco “seco” y directo al hablar, pero no por eso menos amable ;)

Frases para negar_MN

Si no recuerdas las formas de negar en español, haz clic aquí para ver el PDF.

Basic Spanish verbs (A1, A2)

Basic Spanish verbs (A1, A2)

ELE Recomendaciones Sugerencias para estudiantes

Problems with Spanish vocabulary? If you are a beginner or elemntary student of Spanish, maybe you have to struggle memorizing the meaning of some basic verbs that are commonly used in Spanish.

Here’s a simple game that will help you learn them. All you need to do is match every Spanish verb with its image or meaning. Good luck!

If you have questions, don’t hesitate to take a look at these flashcards, where you find a clear explanation of it all.

Tips to practice Spanish (beginner and elementary)

ELE Enseñanza de segundas lenguas Recomendaciones Sugerencias para estudiantes

If you enjoyed our general tips to practice Spanish, here’s a list with resources that you may find useful if you are a beginner or if you have an elementary level.  

 «Free online exercises:

o   Ver-Taal, a very complete site where you will find grammar, spelling and vocabulary exercises, as well as listening activities, to learn French, Dutch, English and, of course, Spanish.
o    Profe de ELEa great blog both for teachers and students.
o   Espagnol facile, un siteweb avec des exercises gratuits, espécialement faits pour les francophones.

«Free online flashcards:

o   Quizlet, a fantastic place where you can revise and learn new vocabulary (in Spanish and in other languages). You can download flashcards that other people have made, or make your own flashcards. There are plenty vocabulary exercises and you can download and print all the flashcards at any time.

 «  Grammar books:

o   Gramática básica del español (niveles A1 – B1), Ed.Difusión. This is the best grammar book to learn about Spanish grammar, either with a teacher or on your own.  Get it on Amazon or at the library.

«Mobile apps:

Mobile apps are nowadays a great tool to practice language in an easy funny way. Check out these. Most of them offer a free version and a premium version with extra features:
o   Duolingo
o   Conjugation nation
o   Babbel
o   Spanish Verbs
o   Qué onda

«Listening, podcast, radio and audioblogs:

There are lots of freepodcasts that you can listen to in order to practice your Spanish, even if you just started learning. Here are some ideas:
o   Mi vida loca: a website from the BBC, with exercises and audios, ideal for beginners.
o   Spanish podcast: a blog with lots of audios for Spanish students.
o   Notes in Spanish for beginners: an audio blog with lots of easy-to-listen podcasts and listening exercises for beginners.
o   Coffee Break Spanish: a blog with free and not free lessons and podcasts.
o   News in slow Spanish. A website that offers different resources for Spanish students, but particularly audio exercises and podcasts. These podcasts are focused on the world’s news, but the people there talk in a slow clear Spanish, that even beginners can properly understand. To access some of the contetns you will be required to have a premium account, but still, there are plenty of them that you can use (especially audio and transcriptions). It has also an app that you can download to your smartphone or tablet.

Podcasts are one of the biggest revolutions of today’s language learning. Thanks to the Internet, we can access podcasts from all the radios in the world. We can easily find podcasts from Spain or any other country. But, just in case you still don’t know about them, here’s a little explanation:

First, what’s a podcast?

A podcast is a sort of radio program or radio broadcast (for example, Ted Talks, PodCinema, Hoy empieza todo…). For example, the BBC has different channels; every channel has many broadcasts or “chapters”. Of course, you can listen to them directly by turning your radio on. But let’s say that you listen to the BBC News every morning, but today you missed it. No problem! Just go to the program’s site on the Internet and you will find a complete list with the latest chapters. Look for the one you missed and that’s it. That’s a podcast, and the great thing of it is that you can listen to any podcast of any radio on the world, at any moment, and free!

Moreover, many people, companies, blogs, have created their own audios that they share on the Internet as a podcast. Many of them have an excellent quality, so it is not just limited to public radios.

In other words, there are podcasts on the Internet; and within every podcast you can find different “chapters”.  

How can we get podcasts?
There are many options, so let’s take a look at them:

o   On streaming:
We can listen to them directly on streaming. To do so, we just need to look  for the podcast site (for example, let’s say TED Talks), and save them one by one to our favorites on Mozilla, Chrome or any other.  Then we would just need to go to the site and hear to the audio online. It is possible to download them one by one and play them on our computer or iPAD, of course!

o   Mobile and apps:
There are different apps that we can install for free on our smart phone, iPhone, tablet or iPad. In my opinion, the best of all isPodcast Addict. It’s easy to download and install and it lets you search for podcasts in any language by setting a language filter. It lets you subscribe to any podcast and it gets automatically updated to show you the latest emissions of your favorite podcasts, which you can download really easily and fast at any moment.

o   On our PC or Mac:
You can also subscribe to any podcast by using a free application that you can download from the Internet at any moment. There are two platforms that you can use for this purpose: Juice (a good free software platform, although it’s has un ugly interface), and of course, iTunes (free to download and use, with a nice interface and the advantage that is can also be used as a music player and store). You can download Juice from here; to download iTunes, click here.

 o   To read and to listen:
If you are tired of having so many accounts and platforms, maybe you should take a look at Netvibes. Netvibes is an online platform (with a free version and a premium version), that works as an “aggregator”. This means it lets you subscribe to any blog on the Internet by using the blog’s feed URL. It is similar to Google Reader, but much better. No need to download anything; just sign up and get a password. And, of course, you can use it for blogs, newspapers, video platforms and podcasts!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General tips to practice Spanish

General tips to practice Spanish

Enseñanza de segundas lenguas Sugerencias para estudiantes

How can I practice my Spanish online? How can I improve my Spanish? Where can I find free exercises and free materials to learn? How can I get to know more about Spain and Latin American countries? How can I practice listening and reading?

If you are trying to learn Spanish, here’s a list with some tips and resources to improve your skills and practice:

 «Websites and blogs to help you learn Spanish:

o   Diccionario de partículas discursivas del español (DPDE), un diccionario de marcadores discursivos (o conectores), para registros coloquiales y formales., ue incluye ejemplos, traducción a otros idiomas, reglas de uso, etc.
 o   Aprende español, a great website with news, music, listening exercises, and recommendations… Everything you need to practice your skills in Spanish.
o   Profe de ELE, a grea blog, both for students and for teachers.
o   Red Molinos, a great website with lots of useful links, reading texts and vocabulary tips to learn Spanish.

«Free online exercises:

o   Ver-Taal, a very complete site where you will find grammar, spelling and vocabulary exercises, as well as listening activities, to learn French, Dutch, English and, of course, Spanish.
o   Espagnol facile, un siteweb avec des exercises gratuits, espécialement faits pour les francophones.  «Free online diccionaries:

o   Wordreference, the best online dictionary.
o   Linguee, a different dictionary. It let you find any word but inserted in a context. It might be very useful of you are translating.
o   DRAE, the best monolingual dictionary in Spanish. Tiene la garantía y el rigor de la Real Academia Española, la mayor institución lingüística en el mundo hispano. Eso sí, no recoge palabras muy coloquiales o de reciente creación.
o   Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas, para dudas de la lengua.
o   Forvo, a pronounciation dictionary that works also as social network, where everybody can participate. It may be interesting not only to learn how to pronounce words in Spanish, but also to compare pronounciations within the Spanish speaking world.

  «El español coloquial:

o    Coloquial.es, an online project that intends to make an approach to colloquial Spanish. It includes a slang dictionary, a dictionary of gestures, and a very complete explanation of what the syntax of colloquial Spanish is like.

o    Algunas ideas para conocer el español coloquial son:

  • Ver webseries, que podemos encontrar en blip.tv o en portales como Vimeo o Youtube.
  • Series españolas o telenovelas (soap operas).
  • Hablar con españoles

 « Libraries and bookstores:

If you are looking for books to learn Spanish, you can go to your neighbor’s library, or, if you live in a big city (Munich, Varsaw, Paris, Toulouse, Rome), you can go to the Instituto Cervantes’ library. It’s free! If this doesn’t work, there’s always Amazon.

 «Listening and podcast:

Podcasts are one of the biggest revolutions of today’s language learning. Thanks to the Internet, we can access podcasts from all the radios in the world. We can easily find podcasts from Spain or any other country.

First, what’s a podcast?
A podcast is a sort of radio program or radio broadcast (for example, Ted Talks, PodCinema, Hoy empieza todo…). For example, the BBC has different channels; every channel has many broadcasts or “chapters”. Of course, you can listen to them directly by turning your radio on. But let’s say that you listen to the BBC News every morning, but today you missed it. No problem! Just go to the program’s site on the Internet and you will find a complete list with the latest chapters. Look for the one you missed and that’s it. That’s a podcast, and the great thing of it is that you can listen to any podcast of any radio on the world, at any moment, and free!

Moreover, many people, companies, blogs, have created their own audios that they share on the Internet as a podcast. Many of them have an excellent quality, so it is not just limited to public radios.
In other words, there are podcasts on the Internet; and within every podcast you can find different “chapters”.  

How can we get podcasts?

There are many options, so let’s take a look at them:

o   On streaming:
We can listen to them directly on streaming. To do so, we just need to look  for the podcast site (for example, let’s say TED Talks), and save them one by one to our favorites on Mozilla, Chrome or any other.  Then we would just need to go to the site and hear to the audio online. It is possible to download them one by one and play them on our computer or iPAD, of course!

o   Mobile and apps:
There are different apps that we can install for free on our smart phone, iPhone, tablet or iPad. In my opinion, the best of all isPodcast Addict. It’s easy to download and install and it lets you search for podcasts in any language by setting a language filter. It lets you subscribe to any podcast and it gets automatically updated to show you the latest emissions of your favorite podcasts, which you can download really easily and fast at any moment.

o   On our PC or Mac:
You can also subscribe to any podcast by using a free application that you can download from the Internet at any moment. There are two platforms that you can use for this purpose: Juice (a good free software platform, although it’s has un ugly interface), and of course, iTunes (free to download and use, with a nice interface and the advantage that is can also be used as a music player and store). You can download Juice from here; to download iTunes, click here.

 o   To read and to listen:
If you are tired of having so many accounts and platforms, maybe you should take a look at Netvibes. Netvibes is an online platform (with a free version and a premium version), that works as an “aggregator”. This means it lets you subscribe to any blog on the Internet by using the blog’s feed URL. It is similar to Google Reader, but much better. No need to download anything; just sign up and get a password. And, of course, you can use it for blogs, newspapers, video platforms and podcasts!

Down below you will find some podcast suggestions in Spanish!

  «Blogs to read:

Reading blogs of any subject can help you improve substantially your reading skill, and, at the same time, it’s a very interesting occupation! Down below you will find a list of the best blogs to read in Spanish. A great way to read all the new posts that are published on a blog is by subscribing to the blog. To do so, there are different applications and platforms that work as “aggregators”, that is, is a place that holds and updates all the new contents automatically, according to your priorities.

 Here are a few suggestion of applications that you can use:

o   Netvibes (an online free application), probably the best of all.
o   Google Reader
o   Feed Reader (an excellent platform; it is totally; you have to download it to your computer; it has an ugly interface, but it’s excellent).

 «Some musts:

o   Instituto Cervantes., the official website, available both in Spanish and English
o   DELE, a IC section where you will find all about the DELE exams (how to register, what it is about, examination centers and more). Available in Spanish and English.
o   TODOELE, a site for ELE teachers, but good for students too.
o   Others…

Shopping in Spanish

ELE Sugerencias para estudiantes

¡Vamosde compras! Let’s go shopping!  In Spanish we have two similar expressions to talk about shopping, but they have a slightly different meaning:

  • Hacer la compra > to do the shopping. It’s what we use when we are going to buy basic things, like food or cleaning products, and generally to the market or supermarket. 
  • Ir de compras > to go shopping. It’s an expression we use when we buy non basic stuff, like clothes, for example. 

Here you will find some  flashcards and Spanish online exercises that will help you learn some  vocabulary related to shops and buying in Spanish. First, try to memorize as many words as you can. Click on every card to find the answer:

So what do you generally prefer: going shopping or doing the shopping? ¿Ir de compras o hacer la compra? Once you have seen all the cards, try to remember then. It won’t be very difficult! Now, why don’t you do this exercise? Try to match every word with its meaning (object). Not hard!

Now you know all about shopping in Spanish. You can also download our PDF and print the cards to revise them at any time.

Cuánto sabes

Cuánto sabes

ELE Sugerencias para estudiantes

¿Qué tal se te da el español en nivel principiante o elemental? Here you have a little game that will help you practice your Spanish (at begginner/elementary level), revise things that you’ve learned or even know what your level is. Check it out here!

It might also be good to take it right after finishing an A1 course. If you hace questions, check out this blog to look for answers and explanations!

El uniforme escolar

El uniforme escolar

Actividades e-learning y b-learning

Aquí adjunto una actividad de integración de destrezas para trabajar con un grupo y fundamentalmente de forma online. La actividad está concebida para trabajar en una clase por videoconferencia (inicialmente Google Hangout, pero puede ser a través de otras aplicaciones, como Skype).

El doble de bien sin doblaje

Audios y podcasts Bigarré Sugerencias para estudiantes

Los españoles hablan bastante mal otros idiomas. La culpa, se dice, que por culpa del sistema educativo, pero también se mencionan a veces otros factores, como la falta de curiosidad o el hecho de que el español sea una lengua muy hablada en el mundo.

Para muchas personas, también es un error que en España casi todas las películas se emitan dobladas, y no en versión original con subtítulos. Esto no es ninguna tontería, porque cuando una viaja al vecino Portugal, se da cuenta de que la gente joven habla bien inglés y con una buena pronunciación (y también el portugués es una lengua muy extendida).

Cuando oímos una película o una serie en versión original, estamos expuestos a la lengua. Incluso aunque no prestemos demasiada atención, algo queda en nosotros. Por no mencionar, además, que cuando se doblan las películas se pierde una gran parte del trabajo interpretativo del actor.

El doblaje está bien asentado en los cines españoles. Su presencia es mayoritaria y solo en algunos cines de algunas ciudades (Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Málaga…) es posible disfrutar de buenas películas en versión original. Su uso, además, es mayoritario en las series de televisión.

Sin embargo, parece que desde hace unos años hay un giro en la situación: los jóvenes, cada vez más, eligen ver series de televisión en streaming, y en estos casos, resulta más complicado encontrar las series dobladas. Además, muchos están ansiosos por ver la nueva temporada de una serie favorita, y acceder a la serie con subtítulos traducidos por otros usuarios es mucho más fácil y rápido. La inmediatez de Internet favorece, en este caso, el hábito de ver series en versión original: llegan antes y son más accesibles.

En países como Portugal, Holanda, Bélgica, etc., lo más frecuente es que solo encontremos la opción de ver películas y series en versión original…Y curiosamente, los holandeses, por ejemplo, son maravillosos hablantes de otras lenguas. No obstante, en el lado contrario, los alemanes, que casi siempre hablan un inglés excelente están acostumbrados a ver todo doblado.

En cualquier caso, no sabemos hasta qué punto nos determina ver películas en versión original, pero parece claro que puede ayudarnos bastante y para los cinéfilos, es, sin duda, la mejor opción.